仕事で使う8回線FAXサーバのデバッグのための評価環境としてPCを使った擬似多回線FAX
受信システムを作りました
パソコン1台に対し2台のFAXモデムを接続し、受信したFAXはイメージファイルに
変換して、ネットワーク経由でWIndowsクライアントからそのファイルを見られる
ようにしました。
ファイル形式はPBMです。これはPaintShopProとかで扱える形式です
JPEGかなんかにするフィルターを通してもいいんですが、これで見えるから
エエことにしました

パソコン側はOSにFreeBSD 3.4R、FAX受信ソフトはmgetty+sendfax
ファイルのネットワーク共有にsambaを使っています。
NTと違って遅いマシンでも動くし設定が楽でいいです。
仕事的には2時間くらいでセットアップ可能ですので人件費を考えても
・実機のFAX=@30000 2台で60000円
に比較して
・人件費 @5000円x2時間 = 10000円
・FAXモデム @6000円 x 2 = 12000円
・パソコン = 廃物 ロハ
・FreeBSD、sendfaxなど = ロハ
なんで経費削減効果はあきらか!
おまけに消耗品代はタダなので、何かの機器の評価で夜中連続で運転したい
ときなんか紙代もかからないしジャムったり紙がきれたりして評価中断なんて
悲しい目にもあわなくてすむのでうれしさ満点!
という理由で、どしどし職場にFreeBSDを導入しましょう!!
参考までに作業メモです
イメージファイルのパーミッションを666にしてますが、これは工場でジグ
として使うために敢えてイージーアクセスを優先した結果です
・FreeBSD3.4Rをインストールする
・portsからmgetty+faxをインストールする
/usr/ports/comms/mgetty+sendfaxで
make
make install
・/etc/ttysを設定する
末尾に以下を追加
cuaa0   "/usr/local/sbin/mgetty"        unknown on insecure
cuaa1   "/usr/local/sbin/mgetty"        unknown on insecure
・/usr/local/etc/mgetty+sendfax/mgetty.configを設定する
以下のような内容(例)
port cuaa0
debug 4
fax-id 3101
speed 19200
#speed 9600
direct NO
blocking NO
port-owner uucp
port-group uucp
port-mode 0666
toggle-dtr YES
toggle-dtr-waittime 500
data-only NO
fax-only NO
modem-type auto
init-chat "" ATZ OK ATS0=0Q0&D3&C1 OK
#init-chat "" ATZATS0=0 OK
modem-check-time 3600
rings 1
answer-chat "" ATA CONNECT \c \r
answer-chat-timeout 80
autobauding NO
ringback NO
ringback-time 30
ignore-carrier false
issue-file /etc/issue
prompt-waittime 500
login-prompt @!login:
login-time 240
diskspace 1024
notify faxadmin
fax-owner uucp
fax-group uucp
fax-mode 0666 

port cuaa1
debug 4
fax-id 3201
speed 19200
#speed 9600
direct NO
blocking NO
port-owner uucp
port-group uucp
port-mode 0666
toggle-dtr YES
toggle-dtr-waittime 500
data-only NO
fax-only NO
modem-type auto
init-chat "" ATZ OK ATS0=0Q0&D3&C1 OK
#init-chat "" ATZATS0=0 OK
modem-check-time 3600
rings 1
answer-chat "" ATA CONNECT \c \r
answer-chat-timeout 80
autobauding NO
ringback NO
ringback-time 30
ignore-carrier false
issue-file /etc/issue
prompt-waittime 500
login-prompt @!login:
login-time 240
diskspace 1024
notify faxadmin
fax-owner uucp
fax-group uucp
fax-mode 0666 
・/usr/local/lib/mgetty+sendfax/new_faxを編集する
以下の内容なら、*.PBMファイルに変換しスプールに保管する
#!/bin/sh
# From: michael@hal6000.thp.uni-duisburg.de (Michael Staats)
# Subject: Re: Fax notify without in/output redirection?
# To:   mgetty@greenie.muc.de
#
# Now that looks really like a problem for a shell, not C. Look at my
# faxnotifier, it does almost the same thing you want, but I think a
# little easier.... 
# first notify some people directly....
#for i in michael root; do
#       { echo "A new fax has been received..."
#         echo "Hangup Code:      $1"
#         echo "Remote Id:        $2"
#         echo "Pages:            $3"
#         echo "1st Filename:     $4"
#       } |write $i 2>/dev/null # ignore errors if someone is not logged on
#done

shift 3
case $1 in
 */faxn|faxn*|*/fn*|fn*) STRETCH=-s ;; # find out resolution
 *) STRETCH=
esac

# convert fax files to pbm, and compress them 

id=
for i in $@
do
#  /usr/local/bin/g32pbm $STRETCH $i | compress > $i.pbm.Z
  /usr/local/bin/g32pbm $STRETCH $i  > $i.pbm
  # our compress is faster than gzip, so use this here.
  # this make preview faster....
  #[ $? -eq 0 -a -f $i.pbm.Z ] && /bin/rm -f $i
 /bin/rm -f $i
#  id="$id $i.pbm.Z"
done

#[ "$id" ] && echo "$id" > /usr/spool/fax/incoming/.lastid
exit 0

・portsからsambaをインストールする
/usr/ports/net/sambaで
make
make install

・SAMBAの設定

/usr/local/etc/smb.conf

以下のような内容

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not many any basic syntactic errors.
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================
[global] 

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: REDHAT4
   workgroup = FAX

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
  server string = FAX Machine 1

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
  hosts allow = 192.168.0.

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
   load printers = yes

# you may wish to override the location of the printcap file
;   printcap name = /etc/printcap 

# on SystemV system setting printcap name to lpstat should allow
# you to automatically obtain a printer list from the SystemV spool
# system
;   printcap name = lpstat

# It should not be necessary to specify the print system type unless
# it is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
;   printing = bsd

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
  guest account = guest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
  log file = /var/log/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
  max log size = 50

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
  security = user
# Use password server option only with security = server
;   password server = 

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
 encrypt passwords = yes

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /usr/local/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
   socket options = TCP_NODELAY

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
;   interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
;   local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
;   os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
;   domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
;   preferred master = yes 

# Use only if you have an NT server on your network that has been
# configured at install time to be a primary domain controller.
;   domain controller = 

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.
;   domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
;   logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
;   logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
#        %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
#        You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
;   logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
;   wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#       Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one  WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
;   wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
  dns proxy = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
#[homes]
#   comment = Home Directories
#   browseable = no
#   writeable = yes

[netlogon]
  browseable = yes
  comment = FAX SPOOL
  path = /var/spool/fax
  writeable = yes


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;[Profiles]
;    path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
;    browseable = no
;    guest ok = yes


# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
# specifically define each individual printer
[printers]
  comment = All Printers
  path = /var/spool/samba
  browseable = no
# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
  guest ok = no
  writeable = no
  printable = yes
#  This one is useful for people to share files
;[tmp]
;   comment = Temporary file space
;   path = /tmp
;   read only = no
;   public = yes 

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
;[public]
;   comment = Public Stuff
;   path = /home/samba
;   public = yes
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no
;   write list = @staff

# Other examples.
#
# A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
# home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
# wherever it is.
;[fredsprn]
;   comment = Fred's Printer
;   valid users = fred
;   path = /homes/fred
;   printer = freds_printer
;   public = no
;   writeable = no
;   printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
# access to the directory.
;[fredsdir]
;   comment = Fred's Service
;   path = /usr/somewhere/private
;   valid users = fred
;   public = no
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
# this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
# also use the %U option to tailor it by user name.
# The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting. 
;[pchome]
;  comment = PC Directories
;  path = /usr/pc/%m
;  public = no
;  writeable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
# created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
# any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
# directory must be writeable by the default user. Another user could of course
# be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
;[public]
;   path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
;   public = yes
;   only guest = yes
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no 

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
# users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
# setup, the directory should be writeable by both users and should have the
# sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
# as many users as required.
;[myshare]
;   comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
;   path = /usr/somewhere/shared
;   valid users = mary fred
;   public = no
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no
;   create mask = 0765


・SAMBAのログインユーザの設定 

adduser guest
smbpasswd -a guest
ゲストユーザを設定する

・inetd.confにSAMBAの起動コードを追加

/etc/inetd.conf

末尾を以下のように設定 

# Enable the following two entries to enable samba startup from inetd
# (from the Samba documentation).
#
netbios-ssn stream tcp nowait root /usr/local/sbin/smbd smbd
netbios-ns dgram udp wait root /usr/local/sbin/nmbd nmbd

・リブート(または initにHUP)

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Last-modified: 2003-09-23 (火) 20:18:16 (5112d)